How to Choose Perfect Web Application Framework to your projects

Posted by: Jagadeesh Katla last updated: July 19, 2020

A web Framework is specially designed with design patterns to develop the web based applications. In this modern age, we have many web application frameworks to develop the web applications. but the each one designed to special service operational domains. In This Article we can discuss how to choose a perfect web framework to our project requirements. it is most important in the project requirements stage, because you can't change again when if you choose this.

so why web application frameworks..?

Here i give simple answer. many Years Back when the rise internet, we developed reusable apps. that means we don't want develop everything to ourself. we just use already developed and tested framework. this is application framework. so in the same way we can use already developed applications in our project with new ideas. but why..!! the answer is very simple. Normally when we use pure programming language then we need write everything in the development stage. but, when we use web frameworks and its third parties, we can get more advantages like speed development, customizations, software integrations, middleware implementations, rest services development, speed and security etc.

So this is the main reason, Remember Here a web framework language only give many advantages like speed of performance, minimum development time, third party libraries etc, but in the last, only your problem solving skills rule the project. But in current technologies wh have many web application frameworks, so how to choose better one to our project requirements..? I can give here three simple examples.

  1. if you want just static website then a static web application framework is enough like Gatsby, Nuxt, nest etc.
  2. if you want a dynamic web application like blog, company website, CMS etc. but you have less knowledge in programming. then choose CMS application framework like WordPress, Drupal, Joomla etc.
  3. if you want a eCommerce site then choose a shopping application framework like magneto, Shopify etc.

but in above situations you took many unwanted modules too right, and you can't modify everything. so in this situation, need a perfect web application framework to ourself.

but, How to Choose Best One..?

i really struggled to this when i start my first project in academic stage with python, i was choose tornado. but i am wrong. after start my job career i was choose Django and flask. and now am using best one on other programming languages too.so i can mention here the best web application framework features.

So what are the features of best web framework..! Take a Look on this before choose your project requirements stage.

  1. Availability
  2. Data Handling
  3. Customization (Flexibility)
  4. Middleware Layers (Engines)
  5. Speed
  6. Security
  7. Scalability
  8. Dependency / Package Management.

1.Availability

Web Framework work availability is very important in when you choose project requirements. Because we want continuous updates, improvements and bug fixes. Every Web Framework Contributor release continuous updates but the release schedule is different from a month to a year. but in the market demands we want everything is latest and need better performance to users.

I give one example with Django. it is have major and minor release schedules. the major release 1.x, 2.x, 3.x and minor releases start with 1.x.x, 2.x.x, 3.x.x etc. but here the availability is best then other frameworks and you can easy upgrade the software version with PyPy, and It can support every latest technology to give the best performance to end users. one of great tip is don't be choose minimal contributor support frameworks to your projects, because they can't give guaranty of availability.

2.Data Handling

Data is Heart of Every Project. if your project have not enough data then it is worst. But Here, the data is in two different formats like structured data, unstructured data. the structured data use your database, sheets, Serializers and unstructured data is like images, JSON, other media files etc. so We want Better Handle System in framework.

Object Relational Mapper (ORM), Migration System, Serializers, Files and Cache Management are great features of good web framework. so before you choose Check this Features Included or Not.

3.Customization (Flexibility)

Customization is maintain a big role in the project. Normally Many Web Frameworks Support MVC, MVCC, MVT type design patterns. but here some web frameworks not support full customizations and When if you scale the project, it is really hard to change the everything. and at the Deploy stage We Will get Many Issues on the server level.

When i wrote my code in python, node, Golang, i easily customized web frameworks structure with supported documents like in Django, flask, express, Beego etc. But When i tried Other Framework like Java Spring, .Net Core, PHP Code igniter, i have less and minimal customization Options in the Deployment Stage. So Check the Web Framework Flexibility before choose a web framework based on your requirements.

4.Middleware Engines

A Great Feature of Latest Web Frameworks is Middleware Technology. Session Handling, Authentication Handling, Request Routing, Template management are some Examples of Middleware Layers(Engines). Almost Every Web Framework Support this Type Middleware Engines but Check this Below List when you select your web framework.

  1. Session Middleware to All Type Requests (Like Default, API, Social Authorizations).
  2. Cache Engine to Handle the Different Type Sources (Like Files Cache, Database Cache, Static File Cache).
  3. Security Layer to Handle the Web Application Security Like CSRF Protection, SQL Injection Protection, Click Jacking.
  4. Protection, SSL/HTTPS, Host Header Validation, Referrer policy, User Upload Content Validation etc.
  5. Message Management - to handle the your errors and status of requests (don't be Debug in production).

5.Speed

Seriously speed is a Most Important Component of web application Frameworks. we Know Compiled Programming Languages are fast then other. and It's Frameworks also fast like Beego, Actix-web, Spring etc. but what about other Web Frameworks..! so i am giving four important points here. if is it good then select related framework in your programming language.

Request Routing and Response Time - to handle the multiple requests at time. Database Query Reading Speed to Server the Data to End Users (Choose a ORM or Use RAW SQL Query). JSON Serialization to Better Serve the Data to API requests and Template Engines. (if JSON serializations speed is good then choose blindly). Cache Requests Handling in Route Level and Network Level. Compare This in Web Frameworks Benchmark to Better Understanding ref`` ( //techempower.com/benchmarks/ )

6.Security

If your web framework have best security then it can't down again in until it is life cycle end. Every Web Framework Contributors Maintain the Stable Release with Security Mindset. so Select and Check is Web framework Have Continuously Security Updates or Not. i have three tips here. Actually I am using Django, Ruby, Express.js and Beego from last 3 years. and this frameworks has great security features.

  1. Protect your web Application with Security Key (Don't store security key in programs.. serve only with Environment Variables)
  2. Apply All Security Settings in Your Web Framework and Customize if any problems you get.
  3. Enable Error Reporting, Bug Tracking Tools Like Sentry in your application.

7.Scalability Scalability is Very Important to Maintain your web application. if you have big number of users or high operational activities in your project then need to scale the web application. Check Your Web Framework is Easy to scalable or not. I have Bad Experience when my senior use the codeignnoter (i didn't understand well and not run without web server). but when i choose flask and Django and express.js, i easily scale in my cloud qwiklabs.

Here i give 4 Simple Tips to Handle the Web Frameworks:

  1. Detach Media Storage From application. store in another location like Media Storage (Secondary Disks or Cloud Buckets etc).
  2. Detach Database From Your Machine and Use with Remote Method (Use Separate Database Server Machines or Use Cloud SQL Engines).
  3. Apply Load Balancers with Reverse Proxy Methods in Server Level Settings.
  4. Use Kubernates or Docekr Swarn to Handle this or place in Server less Engines (Server less Engines auto scale your application but charge some extra cost).

8.Dependency / Package Management.

Another Impertinent Feature of a Web Framework. If web framework have better Dependency management systems then it can handle software/third party libraies upgrade and downgrade easilly, and it can reduce the version management release size and give more speed to handle the application deployment.

Many popular Dependency Management (package Management) Tools Available in Different Programming Languages Like PIP, NPM, YARN, GEM, COMPOSER, DEP< CARGO, MAVEN etc. I Really Like Pip, Yarn, Cargo Tools Speed.

So Check this Eight Component Befor Choose Your Web Application Framework. This Eight Components Handle Many of Your Problems in Development TIme and Give Some Boost to Your Application.